Full observance of the church year is central to Lutheran spiritual life. Lutherans have been influenced by ecumenical developments, as seen in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America’s adoption of the Roman Catholic calendar and lectionary. They have also influenced the ecumenical development of the Christian year, particularly in the observance of Advent.
Music and the arts have always played an important role in the worship services of the ELCA, which has reflected Martin Luther’s appreciation of the arts. In most churches, the entire liturgy is sung. Musical styles range from plainsong and the rich tradition of Lutheran chorales to varieties of contemporary folk music. Considerable thought has also been given to the shape of the worship space and to the use of the visual arts.