John Wycliffe (c. 1329-1384) was known as the first among the great Reformation figures. He was born in Yorkshire, England and studied at Oxford, an institution he remained connected to throughout his life as a teacher and writer.
William Tyndale (c. 1494-1536) attended both Oxford and Cambridge where he excelled as a Greek scholar. Inspired by the efforts of Martin Luther to make the Bible available in a German translation, Tyndale decided to do the same for English speaking Christians.
Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560) was a German Reformer. He studied Greek at the University of Heidelberg before taking a teaching position in Greek studies at the University of Wittenberg.
Martin Luther (1483-1546), the hero of the Reformation, was born in the village of Eisleben. He entered the University at Erfurt in 1501 and graduated with honors. In 1505 he entered an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt and was consecrated to the priesthood in 1507.
Frederick the Wise (1463-1525) was born near Leipzeg, Germany. He was Elector of Saxony during the height of the controversies surrounding Martin Luther.
Martin Bucer (1491-1551) was a German Protestant reformer. Bucer entered the Dominican order in 1506.
Changes in the Sunday worship of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS) occur rather slowly. In its 150 year history there have been only three official English language hymnals (1912, 1941, 1982) and one German hymnal (1847). In recent decades individual congregations have experimented with texts, songs, and forms beyond these resources.