The Christian Churches and Churches of Christ have historically avoided the Christian year as one of the unscriptural practices creating division between denominations—a division which their movement sought to overcome. Most now celebrate Christmas and Easter in worship, but these are among yearly observances based on the civil calendar, not the Christian year. Scattered evidence for increased interest in using visual symbols to deepen worship can be seen, but there is little movement toward following the Christian year.
Independent Christian Churches and instrumental Churches of Christ have historically showed a hesitant attitude toward incorporating the arts in worship, believing evangelism to be more important than corporate worship. In recent years, some congregations have moved away from this position and now actively promote the development and use of dramatic and visual components in worship services. All congregations continue to be shaped by a century of singing both traditional hymns and gospel songs.