The victory has been won. The price has been paid. The world has been redeemed. With His dying breath, Jesus returns to the Father who sent Him, ready to take His place on the Throne of Judgment; ready to prepare a place for those who believe and call upon His name for their salvation.
The Church Fathers anticipated Augustine by two centuries in their formulation of the doctrine of original sin and in their acceptance of the principle of divine grace.
Irenaeus (c. 2nd century) was born somewhere in western Asia Minor, probably Smyrna. He studied religion and philosophy under Polycarp, the bishop of Smyrna.