The renewal of preaching in the medieval era is traced to the rise of the crusades, the monasteries, and the scholastics. Bernard combined the enthusiasm of crusade rhetoric with the ascetic lifestyle of the monk and reflected a scholastic influence through his struggle with Abelard. His fiery eloquence was powerful enough to make an impression even on those who did not understand his language. Unusually gifted, he was a master of the art of public speaking.
The emphasis of Anselm on Christ’s part in the atonement did not lessen the importance of the Church so the bishops had little quarrel with him. His theory of the atonement gained general acceptance.
Anselm (1033-1109) was born in northern Italy. Anselm moved to England after the death of his mother. He entered a monastery and later became archbishop of Canterbury.