New Testament Christianity stands in the tradition of Israelite sacrificial worship in viewing Jesus Christ as the ultimate and final sacrifice.
Sacrifices were a part of the tribute the Israelite worshiper offered to the God of the covenant. The Pentateuch goes into great detail concerning the altar and the sanctuary as the setting for sacrifice and the various types of sacrifices that were enacted in the worship of Israel.
Together with symbolic actions and structures, biblical worship incorporates symbolic objects. Sometimes these are real objects, physically present in the place of worship. Sometimes they are verbal symbols of things not physically present. And sometimes they are both, either at the same time or at different times. Such objects include the ark of the covenant, books and scrolls, anointing oil, the lamp, incense, blood, the bread and cup, and the cross.
It is significant that the New Testament authors apply words and images from Israelite worship to Jesus Christ. In so doing, they show how the church sought to interpret Jesus, whom it recognized to be the Christ.
Sometimes a terrible sin, like the adultery and murder David committed so he could be with Bathsheba, seems unpardonable. The only offense that will continue to stain our lives, however, is the one we fail to confess with a repentant heart so that it can be covered by the cleansing blood of the Savior.
There is only one way to experience the joyful, cleansing power of forgiveness. It’s by confessing our sins to the only One who can redeem us and make us wholly acceptable in the holy eyes of God.
The emphasis of Anselm on Christ’s part in the atonement did not lessen the importance of the Church so the bishops had little quarrel with him. His theory of the atonement gained general acceptance.