The cumulative effect of these various influences prepared the public mind for Henry’s act of rebellion. Parliament was submissive enough to the king’s will to ratify his action and vote him the title of Supreme Head of the Church of England. It transferred to him the power of appointment of the higher clergy. Appeals to Rome were abolished and the dispensing power was given to the Archbishop of Canterbury. By these specific acts, the separation from Rome was made complete by 1535.
Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556), the first Protestant archbishop of Canterbury, was born in Nottinghamshire, England, and studied at Jesus College, Cambridge for eight years. In 1523 he became a university preacher.