Three councils met one after another in an attempt to bring order out of chaos and to reform the Church. These three are called the Reforming Councils, and they constitute an important chapter in the history of the first half of the fifteenth century.
John Wycliffe (c. 1329-1384) was known as the first among the great Reformation figures. He was born in Yorkshire, England and studied at Oxford, an institution he remained connected to throughout his life as a teacher and writer.
John Hus (c. 1373-1415) was born in Bohemia, or what is today the Czech Republic. Hus was of peasant stock but distinguished himself academically and was accepted into the University of Prague.