Life of Martin Luther

Much of the history of the Reformation depends on the ideas of Martin Luther. Because of him, the revolt was more ecclesiastical than theological, except in the fundamental difference of Protestant dependence on faith for salvation and Catholic dependence on the sacraments of the Church. The basic principle on which Luther based his reconstruction of theology was that individual salvation from sin and its punishment was to be obtained by personal faith in Christ as a sufficient Savior rather than faith in the priest, the sacraments, and the whole system of Catholicism.

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Reforms among the Bohemian clergy

The death of Hus was resented bitterly by the Bohemians and led to a long war with the German Empire, a conflict that was both national and religious in character. Inspired by Hus, anti-Catholic church groups like the Bohemian Brethren and the Waldensians produced vernacular translations of Scripture and their aggressive evangelism won many converts to their cause.

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